The Matter of Touching: Interpreting Signs of Wear in Late Medieval Manuscripts

Professor Kathryn Rudy (St. Andrews)

Monday 18th June, 16:00-18:00, A2 Academy Building  

Kathryn Rudy’s research concentrates on the reception and original function of manuscripts, especially those manufactured in the Low Countries, and she has pioneered the use of the densitometer to measure the grime that original readers deposited in their books. She is currently developing ways to track and measure user response of late medieval manuscripts.

Professor Rudy is the author of five books, including Rubrics, Images and Indulgences in Late Medieval Netherlandish Manuscripts (Leiden: Brill, 2017); Piety in Pieces: How medieval readers customized their manuscripts (Open Book Publishers, 2016); and Postcards on Parchment: The Social Lives of Medieval Books (Yale University Press, 2015).  She currently (2017-18) holds a Paul Mellon Senior Fellowship to write a book about physical interactions with the manuscript in late Medieval England. In 2018-19 she will be a fellow at the Netherlands Institute for Advanced Study in Amsterdam to complete a book about manuscript production in Delft. From 2019-22 she will hold a Leverhulme Major Research Grant for a study titled ‘Measuring medieval users’ responses to manuscripts: New technological approaches’.

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The Dedicated Spiritual Life of Upper Rhine Noble Women by Anneke B. Mulder-Bakker

28 May, 16:00-18:00, Arts Faculty, Room 0316

Deze is gewijd aan haar recent verschenen boek: The Dedicated Spiritual Life of Upper Rhine Noble Women. A Study and Translation of a Fourteenth-Century Spiritual Biography of Gertrude Rickeldey of Ortenberg and Heilke of Staufenberg (Turnhout: Brepols, 2017).

Mulder-Bakker doceerde Middeleeuwse Geschiedenis en Mediëvistiek aan de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen. Zij stelt nieuwe vragen en demonstreert eigen benaderingen in het onderzoek naar religieuze ontwikkelingen in de late middeleeuwen.

The seminar will be in Dutch.

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“What is the Arabic for zoon politikon? Ethics and politics in Ibn Ṭufayl (d. 581/1185)” by Corrado La Martire

19 March, 17.30-18.45
Oude Boteringestraat 38, Court Room

All welcome.

“What is essential in a human being?” This timeless philosophical enigma is at the heart of the thought of Abū Bakr Muḥammad ibn Ṭufayl al-Qaysī, known in Christian Europe as Abubacer. To ask “what is essential in a human?” or “what is a human essentially?” is to ask what a human really is, what predicates are applied to humans, and what role a person has in society.

Prevailing academic views of Ibn Ṭufayl’s Ḥayy b. Yaqẓān (Philosophus autodidactus) can be divided into two types: either the work is a realistic look at isolated human being amidst a morally bankrupt population, harking back to the teachings of Plato’s Republic, or it portrays a pure and abstract ideal of the spiritual life in the footsteps of the natural first man, and insists on the moral imperative of isolation.

Ibn Tufail (Latinized to Abubacer) - Most famous for Hayy ibn YaqdhanThe difficulty with both of these interpretations is that they preclude any possibility of happiness for a the human person living in a society, because they assume that every society is corrupt and imperfect. In other words, they tend to interpret Ḥayy b. Yaqẓān as an attempt to demonstrate that the human person is not essentially social. However, the intellectual and spiritual perfection sought through isolation cannot be separated from a practical purpose. The isolation of the human being is not undergone in order to distinguish him or herself from imperfect human societies. On the contrary, such isolation is undertaken in order to conduct to a higher accomplishment that is properly both practical and political.

On this basis, this paper argues that Ibn Ṭufayl’s human is comparable to the Aristotelian zoon politikon. Through a comparison of Ibn Ṭufayl’s Ḥayy, and Aristotle’s social animal we shall see how Ibn Ṭufayl reuses the concepts and the vocabulary of al-Fārābī and transposes them from the plan of the city to that of the individual. By comparing the relevant terminology, it becomes possible to illustrate how the concept of zoon politikon has entered into Arabic philosophy, and particularly in Ibn Ṭufayl’s conception of the human through the lenses of al-Fārābī’s virtuous man and Ibn Bājjah’s solitary.

Dr Corrado La Martire is head editor for the Averroes Project at the Thomas-Institut, University of Cologne. He was a lecturer at the Humboldt University in Berlin between 2015 and 2017. The topics of his research are intellectual controversies in the medieval Islam and charity, endowments and charitable institutions.

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The Sound of the Word: The Bible in Medieval Chant

12 February, 17:00-18:00, Courtroom, Faculty of Theology

The Sound of the Word: The Bible in Medieval Chant

Harald Buchinger (University of Regensburg)

In the Middle Ages, liturgy was the most important site of for the reception of Scripture. The Bible was not only read in church; it was also the major source of chant texts, thus shaping culture and spirituality of the congregants. This is particularly true for the Roman Rite and therefore for much of the Medieval West. The lecture investigates the liturgical mechanisms and reflects the hermeneutical principles that lie behind the use of Scripture in the Gregorian core repertoire, and it sheds light onto the distinctive theology and characteristic spirituality of the Roman Rite.

Professor Buchinger is Chair of Liturgical Studies (Liturgiewissenschaft) at the University of Regensburg. He specializes in liturgy in Late Antiquity, chant, the liturgical reception of the Bible, processions, the relationship between Jewish and Christian liturgy, and the liturgical year (especially Pesach and Pascha). His numerous writings include a two-volume prize-winning monograph Pascha bei Origenes, and the entry for “Psalm (liturgisch)” in the Reallexikon für Antike und Christentum. He is also Principal Investigator of the DFG Centre for Advanced Studies 2770 “Beyond the Canon: Heterotopies of Religious Authority in Late-Antique Christianity.”

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Degree Zero of Sound & Image, c.1000-1800

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September 7, 2017 · 9:38 am

Erasmus’ edition of the Disticha Catonis – Prof. Martin Bloomer

Date and time: 12 June, 16:00-17:00

Venue: Courtroom, Faculty of Theology, Oude Boteringestraat 38

Erasmus’ edition of the Disticha Catonis was one of his greatest printing successes, with over 100 editions printed in his lifetime, not all of course with his approval or participation. He treated this Roman collection of aphorisms as a species of ancient wisdom literature and represented this approach as a radical break from his predecessors’. Erasmus told his readers why his edition was so much better than his rivals. Were these stated principles in fact important for the success of his work? What were his educational goals and his philological methods?  Image result for erasmus

Martin Bloomer is professor at the University of Notre Dame. His chief areas of research lie in Roman literature, ancient rhetoric, and the history of education. His books include Valerius Maximus and the Rhetoric of the New Nobility (Chapel Hill 1993), Latinity and Literary Society at Rome (Philadelphia 1997), The Contest of Language (Notre Dame 2005), The School of Rome (Berkeley 2011), and A Companion to Ancient Education (Chichester and Malden, MA 2015).

This lecture is given in collaboration with the Medieval Research School.

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Chaucer’s London/London’s Chaucer – Paul Strohm

Time and venue: 7 June, Offerhauszaal, Academy Building, 17:00-18:00

Prof. Strohm is the Anna S. Garbedian Professor Emeritus of the Humanities at the Department of English & Comparative Literature in Columbia University, New York. He was previously J.R.R. Tolkien Professor of English Language and Literature at the University of Oxford. His publications include: Social Chaucer (Harvard, 1994); Hochon’s Arrow: The Social Imagination of Fourteenth-Century Texts (Princeton, 1992); England’s Empty Throne: Usurpation and Textual Legitimation, 1399-1422 (Yale, 1998) and Theory and the Premodern Text (Minnesota, 2000).

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Lectures: Medieval Missals | Theology & Art

Research Colloquium: 7 February 2017, Oude Boteringestraat 34, room 002, from 5 to 7 p.m.

 

Politics and Mass Media: Medieval Missals in the Beneventan Zone

Andrew J.M. Irving

“To restore an edifice,” wrote Viollet-le-Duc “is not to maintain it, nor to repair it, nor remake it, but to re-establish it in a complete state in which it may never have existed at any given moment.” This paper re-examines the evidence of design features of mass books produced at the Abbey of Montecassino in the early Middle Ages. A deliberate, “restorationist” initiative in mass book production on the part of the abbot is identified and set in relief against the broader context of the production of missals at the Abbey and elsewhere in Southern Italy, and its causes and implications are explored.

Andrew Irving (PhD, Medieval Institute, University of Notre Dame, 2012) is Assistant Professor of Religion and Cultural Heritage at the University of Groningen. After completing his dissertation on gospel book manuscripts of Montecassino, he has contributed articles on manuscript studies, medical, and liturgical history to Scriptorium, Archiv für Liturgiewissenschaft, Bibliografia dei Manoscritti in Scrittura Beneventana, and Worship, and he has recently submitted chapters describing urban processions in early twelfth-century Benevento, and on fourteenth- and fifteenth-century priests’ manuals. In 2012-2013 he was post-doctoral research associate at Yale’s Institute of Sacred Music, and in 2015-2016 was a post-doctoral research assistant for a Notre Dame project on the Distichs of Cato, based at the Cologne Centre for eHumanities.

 

Material Religion and ‘Monumental Theology’ – Since When do Theologians Care for Art?

Stefanie Lenk

Religious Studies and Theology, then as now, struggle to make art and material culture a focus of their disciplines, despite religious institutions using and producing images, objects and buildings throughout the centuries. Luther’s dictum of the true experience of God being non-visual and best mediated by words was perpetuated by Protestant aesthetics like those of Kant and Hegel, and seems to influence academic thinking still. Publisher of the series ‘Iconography of Religions’ and the yearbook ‘Visible Religion’, the Faculty of Theology and Religious Studies of Groningen has taken since the 1970’s another trajectory, trying to reconcile religion and the visual. This talk traces the occupation of theologians with art back to 19th century Germany. It shows that theologians took material religion seriously enough to set up a now forgotten research discipline called ‘Monumental Theology’. It further argues that it was, perhaps surprisingly, the Protestant theologian Schleiermacher whose concept of ‘Anschauung’ (‘contemplation through looking’) set this process in motion.

Stefanie Lenk is a curator at the British Museum, London, working with the Empires of Faith research project (University of Oxford) on late antique religious art from a cross-cultural perspective. In her PhD she asks why pre-Christian imagery was used to decorate baptisteries of the 5th and 6th century Western Mediterranean. Stefanie is currently curating the Empires of Faith exhibition (Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, 19 October 2017-19 February 2018). The exhibition looks at the creation of religious imagery from India to Ireland in the first millennium AD which has formed our understanding of Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, Christianity and Judaism. With four EoF colleagues, she co-authored the volume Images of Mithra that examines the formation of the iconography of the deity Mithra across different religious traditions (OUP, 2017).

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Hadewijch’s ‘books’? Tracing the (non-)publication tactics of a thirteenth-century beguine writer – Veerle Fraeters

18 January, Courtroom, Faculty of Theology, Oude Boteringestraat 38, 14:30-16:30

Veerle Fraeters is Professor at the Ruusbroec Institute of the University of Antwerp. She specializes in medieval mysticism, with a special focus on the Middle Dutch tradition, on visionary literature, on women authors and on the Brabantine mystic Hadewijch. Recent publications include, as author, the chapter ‘Visio’ in the Cambridge Companion to Christian Mysticism (2012), and, as editor (with M.-E. Gongora and Th. de Hemptinne), the volume Speaking to the Eye. Sight and Insight through Text and Image (1150-1650) (Brepols, 2013) and (with Imke de Gier), Mulieres Religiosae: Shaping Female Spiritual Authority in the Medieval and Early Modern Times (Brepols, 2014). She is editor, with Frank Willaert, of the new edition with Dutch translation and commentary of Hadewijchs Verzamelde Werken (Complete Works) of which the prize-winning first volume Liederen (Songs) came out in 2009 (Historische Uitgeverij Groningen).

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Surprised by Joy: Scholarly Discoveries in Latin Medical Literature, 800-1200 – Eliza Glaze

Venue and time: 12 December, Courtroom, Faculty of Theology, Oude Boteringestraat 38, 14:30-16:30 (note time)

Speaker: Prof. Eliza Glaze (Professor of  History,  Coastal Carolina University, USA)

Abstract: Specializing in the articulation of new knowledge based upon the evidence of medieval Latin medical manuscripts and healthscapes, Prof. Glaze’s research explores the processes by which medical knowledge was transmitted from the ancient Mediterranean into Western Europe via classroom experiences, textual media and contextualized practices. Her ultimate interest is two-fold: to recover and identify the transmission, interpretations and use of specialized material from the Mediterranean world, and to explore the social aspects of medical thought and practice manifest in surviving codices.

Masterclass: Prof. Glaze’s lecture will be preceded by a masterclass from 11:15, which is intended for REMA and PhD-students. If you would like to participate, please contact mathilde.van.dijk@rug.nl.

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